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Framework Treaties and Key Concepts in International Law

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines core aspects of international law that apply to hydrothermal vents and their associated ecosystems. It begins with an examination of key concepts that are relevant to assessing the effectiveness of the existing law and any needed reforms. These concepts are sustainable development, the related concept of intergenerational equity, the precautionary principle and the ecosystem approach. The chapter considers the extent to which existing international law can provide for the sustainable management of deep-sea hydrothermal vents. It also examines the core global treaties LOSC and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The chapter further discusses recent developments on this issue within the context of both the work of the Subsidiary Body on Technical and Technological Advice to the CBD and the Conference of Parties of the CBD. It concludes with an examination of the ongoing work of UNICPLOS and relevant resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly.

Keywords: convention on biological diversity (CBD); framework treaties; hydrothermal vents; intergenerational equity; international law; LOSC; precautionary principle; UNICPLOS



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