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The Common Heritage of Mankind

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Chapter Summary

One of the most important aspects of the response was the declaration in Article 136 that the "Area and its resources are the common heritage of mankind [sic]". The central elements of the common heritage of mankind as reflected in 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC) are non-appropriation of the deep seabed beyond national jurisdiction, common management of the mineral resources of the deep seabed beyond national jurisdiction and benefit sharing of the deep seabed mineral resources. Despite the wide range of resources that have been put forward as the common heritage of mankind, apart from LOSC, only one other treaty has ever formally included reference to the Common Heritage of Mankind, namely the 1979 Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies.

Keywords: Common Heritage of Mankind; deep seabed mineral resources; international law; LOSC; Moon Treaty; national jurisdiction



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