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Innocent III (1198–1216) And The Crusades In The Baltic Region

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Chapter Summary

Pope Innocent III took a keen interest in the crusades and made significant contributions to both the idea and practice of crusading. He issued his first general letter calling for a crusade in aid of the Holy Land in August 1198, only seven months after his election. With the bull Quia major of April 1213 Innocent began the large-scale preparations for a crusade in aid of the East, intended to strike once the truce made between the kingdom of Jerusalem and the Muslims ended in 1217. The extensive preparations for the new crusade were developed further at the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215. During his pontificate Innocent also proclaimed crusades against the heretics in France and against Markward of Anweiler. Innocent’s pontificate also saw the curia being drawn more closely into events in the Baltic region where the missionary activities expanded.

Keywords: Baltic region; crusades; Holy Land; Jerusalem; Muslims; Pope Innocent III



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