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Cicero'S Roman Exile

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the relationship of exilium and patria by considering how Roman understandings of exile might change when something is wrong with the patria. It argues that, in writings produced during Caesar's dictatorship, Cicero uses exilic paradoxes to comment on the res publica and to define his own position in the newly-established autocracy. The chapter begins with a brief discussion of Cicero's attitude toward his own exile, his behavior during the war between Caesar and Pompey, and his return to Rome in 47 BCE. The bulk of the chapter focuses on a set of works produced by Cicero after his return to Rome, first, a section of the Paradoxa Stoicorum, a philosophical work produced at the beginning of 46 BCE, and second a set of letters written in the same year to Marcus Marcellus, the consul of 51 BCE, then living in exile in Mytilene.

Keywords: Caesar's dictatorship; Cicero; Marcus Marcellus; Mytilene; patria; Pompey; Roman Exile



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