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Eunomius' Apologia And Basil Of Caesarea's Adversus Eunomium

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Chapter Summary

Eunomius' Apologia begins with a rhetorical and methodological preamble and a preliminary confession of faith. The principal body of the work sets out to explain the tenets of this confession of faith and leads to a more developed confession of faith at the end. Apologia addresses three main points: (1) God as unique and ungenerated, (2) the Son as product and creature of the Father, and (3) the Spirit as creature of the Son, Paraclete and third in order of nature. Basil, along with many other orthodox participants at the Synod of Constantinople, was profoundly disturbed by the challenge of the Anomoeans, represented in particular by Aetius and Eunomius' presentation at the Synod. Basil's response to Eunomius resulted in the following statements of orthodox faith: We cannot know the essence of God, and so we speak of the unknowability of God, the inaccessibility of God to the human mind.

Keywords: Anomoeans; Basil's Adversus Eunomium; Eunomius' Apologia; God; Spirit

10.1163/ej.9789004155183.i-554.107
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