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Parts Of Speech

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Chapter Summary

Lepcha distinguishes nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, numerals, postpositions, suffixes, conjunctions and particles. This chapter provides an overview of derivational processes in Lepcha. It should be noted that an analysis of word classes or parts of speech in a language cannot be made on purely formal grounds. A single root can belong to more than one word class, that is, it may function as a noun, as an adjective or as a verb. Apart from looking at the internal structure of words, the syntactic context and semantic properties of words should also be taken into account. Lepcha has no grammatical gender. Compounding is a common process in Lepcha word formation. Lepcha causatives express transitive notions derived from intransitive meanings or causative notions derived from a base meaning.

Keywords: Lepcha; Lepcha word formation; parts of speech; syntactic context

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