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Iconographic Diversification And Narrative Maturation (Ca. 120–75 Bce)

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Chapter Summary

Most stone sculptures from the Mathura region attributable to the period discussed in this chapter are architectural fragments from numerous religious monuments, and several important iconic statues also survive. The sculptures examined here retain aspects of the Bharhut style, but they have other elements that indicate their manufacture during a subsequent period. The chapter discusses the imagery carved on three large architraves from Mathura, each of which originally would have formed part of the superstructure of a gateway, although none of them appears to be from the same one. Iconographic diversification is noted in the iconic images. The early narrative relief carvings of Mathura are generally overshadowed by the vast quantity of narrative reliefs from Bharhut, Sanchi, and Amaravati that are found primarily on the gateways surrounding the stűpas. The chapter examines a total of seventeen miconic statues from the Mathura region datable from ca. 150 to 75 BCE.

Keywords: Amaravati; Bharhut style; Mathura region; stone sculptures



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