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Architectural Sculpture

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Chapter Summary

The sculpture of a griffin with a male rider represents a transition from the linear and angular styles to the softer, more naturalistic styles of ca. 20 BCE. It is valuable for recognition of an unbroken continuity in stone sculptural production beginning in the mid-second century BCE, and that the styles gradually changed without sudden turns or inexplicable gaps. A fragment of a toraṇa architrave from Mathura along with the coping stone discussed in this chapter embodies the stylistic traits current during the second half of the first century BCE at Mathura. Another architectural fragment that displays stylistic features of the middle to late first century BCE is the coping fragment with walled garden. The Camuṇḍā-Ṭῑā capital exhibits a rich, plastic quality, both in overall design and quality of detail, that indicates its proximity in date to the middle to late first century BCE.

Keywords: architectural sculpture; Camuṇḍā-Ṭῑā capital; griffin; toraṇa architrave



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    History of Early Stone Sculpture at Mathura, ca. 150 BCE - 100 CE — Recommend this title to your library
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