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Sculpture Of Mathura During The Reign Of Sodàsa (Ca. 15 Ce)

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Chapter Summary

The period to which the sculptures discussed in this chapter have been attributed, the early first century CE, now emerges as the most important in the history of early Mathura. It is defined as the time during which the mah;ākṣatrapa Śoḍāsa ruled in Mathura. The figural style of the time of Śoḍāsa is bold but gentle; the female figures are characterized by simple poses and segmented torsos, while the male figures are corpulent and languid. The sculptural style of the time of Śoḍāsa makes sense for the period about one hundred years prior to Kaniṣk for it is consistently markedly different from the Kuṣāṇa style under Kaniṣka, yet the seeds of the Kuṣāṇa style can be discerned therein. The chapter examines the content of the sculptures in order to draw conclusions about the cultural and religious situation at Mathura during this time.

Keywords: Śoḍāsa; Kaniṣka; Kuṣāṇa style; Mathura sculpture



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