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Antedating Kaniska: Mathura Sculptures Of Ca. 50–100 Ce

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines several architectural bas reliefs and large-scale sculptures carved in the round from Mathura that the author attributes to ca. 50-100 CE, plus or minus about twenty five years. The primary extant evidence for the succession of rulers at Mathura after the reign of Śoḍāsa and up to the commencement of the reign of the uṣāṇa kings is numismatic. Several architectural fragments seem to mark a transition between the sculptures dating during the time of Śoḍāsa and those that are attributable to ca. 50-100 CE. The remains of iconic statuary from Mathura datable to ca. 50-100 CE represent a variety of divinities and liberated persons, including a nāga, a yakṣῑ, a Jina, and the earliest depictions of the Buddha. The modest inscribed pedestal provides us with several interesting points concerning the artistic, social, and political history of Mathura just prior to the accession of Kaniska.

Keywords: Śoḍāsa; Buddha; Kaniṣka; Mathura sculptures



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    History of Early Stone Sculpture at Mathura, ca. 150 BCE - 100 CE — Recommend this title to your library
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