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The Allied Occupation

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Chapter Summary

World War II ended for the Japanese on August 15, 1945, when the emperor made his famous speech exhorting the people to "endure the unendurable". Two weeks later, General Douglas MacArthur's forces landed in Japan, and the Allied Occupation began. On September 2, 1945, the documents of surrender were signed by Japanese foreign minister Shigemitsu Mamoru, in General Douglas MacArthur's presence, on board the USS Missouri, anchored in Tokyo Bay. From that day until April 11, 1951, MacArthur was the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) occupying Japan. After MacArthur's removal from that position, General Matthew B. Ridgeway was supreme commander until the Occupation ended on April 28, 1952, when the San Francisco peace treaty took effect. The remarkable, possibly even unprecedented, extent of the influence of the Allied Occupation on Japan is frequently indicated by both Japanese and American scholars.

Keywords: allied occupation; American scholars; Douglas MacArthur; Japanese scholars; Matthew B. Ridgeway; San Francisco peace treaty; SCAP; Shigemitsu Mamoru; USS Missouri; World War II



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