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Soldiers And Settlements Turkish Counter-Insurgency And The Strategy Of Environment Deprivation

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Chapter Summary

The ‘new’ war was characterized by a harsh resettlement practice, with forcible, wholesale evictions accompanied by summary executions, the slaughter of livestock and the burning of villages. This chapter discusses the military logic for this resettlement. The resettlement program constituted a concerted attempt by the Turkish military to bring about a conclusive transformation of the regional settlement structure. Its rationale was spatial contraction leading to environment deprivation. Turgut Özal’s proposal to resettle people from the most troubled zones ‘according to a careful plan’ seems not to have been implemented. The Turkish Armed Forces, TSK (Türk Silahli Kuvvetleri), are headed by four supreme command headquarters: the supreme commands of the land, the naval, and the air forces, and the gendarmerie. The PKK developed within a student and urban environment but its strategy was mainly based on building up forces in the countryside under the protection of a guerrilla army.

Keywords: environment deprivation; regional settlement structure; resettlement practice; Turgut Özal’s proposal; Turkish armed forces; Turkish military



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