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The Integrated Settlement Network Towards A New Spatial Organization Of The Countryside

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses ideas and proposals that evolved during the latter part of the twentieth century for the reorganization of rural space in Turkey, in particular the concepts of village-unification, village-towns and center-villages. It argues that these concepts, developed in the 1960s and 1970s, were aimed at taking modernization to the countryside by means of a reorganization of space, an approach that employed a focus on territory as the locus of modernization, rather than people, modernizing villages by (re)construction rather than villagers by having them migrate to cities, the conventional view on modernization. The chapter presents what is essentially a historical overview of the recent evolution of the rural reorganization approach—yet these ideas remain today, at the turn of the 21st century, key-concepts in official resettlement and return programs. Resettlement of the displaced became absorbed by a rural development paradigm.

Keywords: center-villages; integrated settlement network; modernization; new spatial organization; rural development paradigm; Turkey; village-towns

10.1163/ej.9789004155572.i-355.32
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004155572.i-355.32
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