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Settlement Issue And Settlement Activities The Colonization Of Peoples And Territories

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter, the desire to develop a new settlement type and structure is related to ideas about nation-state building that actually emerged much earlier, in the 1930s. More specifically, the chapter explains how the quest for nation-state building tools in the 1930s produced the i.e. of a new settlement type going beyond the modern rural-urban divide. It commences with a discussion of the 1934 Settlement Act, Law Number 2510. The chapter argues that the idea was rising in the 1930s that nation-building, a major preoccupation of intellectuals and politicians in the nascent country, should include the design of a new village types, intended to somehow imbue their inhabitants with ‘Turkishness’. This idea resulted in series of architectonical blueprints for ‘the Turkish village’—to which a sociological dimension was added by the prolific thinker Nusret Kemal Köymen. Finally, Köymen’s imagination of the ‘new village’ is investigated.

Keywords: 1934 settlement act; modern rural-urban divide; nation-state building tools; Nusret Kemal Kööymen; settlement issue; sociological dimension; Turkish village



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