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Summary And Conclusions

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Chapter Summary

The territorial production of space—in the form of settlement and resettlement policies and practices—and the cultural production of society, in particular the Turkish individual, or ‘homo turca’, has been a recurrent theme in the grand narrative of Turkish modernization. The idea that the organization of space is related to the production of social subjects is a cornerstone of nationalism as a geographic project. The immediate concern of this study was an investigation into the logic of official resettlement policies in those areas where state authority in Turkey was contested and challenged by the Kurdistan Workers Party, the PKK, in the 1980s and 1990s. The objective of the resettlement policy of the Turkish army was the massive destruction of relatively small (and isolated) rural settlements, and the enforced mass-migration of people from the countryside to the cities.

Keywords: Kurdistan workers party; nationalism; resettlement policies; settlement policies; Turkish army; Turkish modernization



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