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Was Judas Maccabaeus A Wicked Priest? Marginal Notes On 1qphab VIII 8–13

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Chapter Summary

Already in 1949, at the beginning of Qumran research, the possibility was raised of understanding the expressions "Wicked Priest" and "Teacher of Righteousness" as supra-individual names referring more to the function than to actual persons. In order to accept that the author of 1QpHab calls Judas Maccabaeus a Wicked Priest as well, it is necessary to prove that the author of the work could consider him as a High Priest. Is this possible? In the author's opinion, the answer is in the affirmative and without reservation. Before presenting the arguments that justify this opinion it is necessary to stress that it is not necessary to prove that Judas Maccabaeus was, historically speaking, a High Priest, but that nothing is against the author of 1QpHab having considered him to be such.

Keywords: 1QpHab; High Priest; Judas Maccabaeus; Qumran



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