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Apocalypticism In The Dead Sea Scrolls

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Chapter Summary

The historical apocalypses were characterized by the division of history into periods and the expectation that God would intervene in order to bring an end to the evil in the world. The idea of communion with the heavenly world gives us the key to understand the document in which the angelology of the Qumran group is most explicitly stated: the Songs for the Sabbath Sacrifice. The apocalypses developed the traditional idea of a final victory against the enemies of Israel and placed it in an eschatological context, with participation of angelic forces. In the Dead Sea Scrolls this idea is further developed and transformed into an eschatological war of seven lots or of forty years which ends with the final victory against all forces of evil. This chapter thus concludes that the apocalypticism indicated by this cluster of ideas in the sectarian scrolls is something more than an umbrella term.

Keywords: Dead Sea Scrolls; eschatological war; God; heavenly world; historical apocalypses; Israel; Qumran group; Sabbath sacrifice; sectarian documents

10.1163/ej.9789004155695.i-326.50
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004155695.i-326.50
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