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Colonisation in the classical period

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Chapter Summary

Since the author views on colonisation differ in detail, some preliminary remarks are needed before specific discussion. He considers colonisation an exploitation of the institutional order of the polis itself. The nature of the polis entailed that basic relations, such as between asty and chora, be susceptible to articulation. The author have characterised Archaic Attic colonisation as 'patronal' to stress the predominance of individual/familial initiatives. The effects of hegemonic colonisation cannot be separated from its aetiology. Athens began this period constrained by a Spartan alliance, which was respected even after the downfall of the puppet government of the Thirty Tyrants. Recolonisation channeled resources to citizens through political mediation, enhancing the welfare of individual Athenians. Colonial activities conducted by authorities other than Athens constitute less well-attested and more diffuse phenomenon. Colonisation in the Classical period did not have the total impact of the great Archaic movement of the Greeks overseas.

Keywords: Archaic Athenian colonisation; Archaic movement; classical period; hegemonic colonisation; recolonisation



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