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Greek colonisation of the northern Aegean

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Chapter Summary

The Euboeans must have been the most numerous population group in Chalcidice. It is especially worth noting the exceptionally large number of 'Euboean' skyphoi decorated with suspended semicircles which have been found in northern Greece. During the second Greek colonisation, more specifically in the 8th century, new colonists must have come to Chalcidice from Euboea and in fact from its two most important cities, Chalcis and Eretria. On the west coast of the Thermaic Gulf, the only Greek colony confirmed by the written sources was Methone. The Greeks' aspirations to settle in the area around the mouth of the Strymon, an exceptionally privileged area offering access to abundant resources, were strongly resisted by the local population, especially the Edonians. The recent excavations in many parts of the North Aegean have added a great deal to what we know about Greek colonisation of this region.

Keywords: Chalcidice; Greek colonisation; northern Aegean; Strymon; thermaic Gulf



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