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Kalmar Union And The Crusade, 1397–1523

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Chapter Summary

Crusades were inseparable from the air one breathed in Scandinavia in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries as everywhere else in Europe. Royal ideology centred on crusading ideology and a Danish empire in the Baltic was created as result of a continuous crusade against the heathen Slavs living on the southern shores of the Baltic Sea, and against the Estonians. Crusades in support of the Holy Land were preached, and money for the war against the infidels collected. The Holy Land was lost to Christendom. Plans and treatises on how to recover the Holy Land were produced, vows were made, new crusade liturgy and prayers invented, and money collected for new crusades. This chapter investigates the role of the crusade in the late medieval period, from the forming of the Nordic Union of Kalmar in 1397 to the end of the reign of Christian II in 1523.

Keywords: Crusade; Holy land; Kalmar union; medieval period; reign of Christian II



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