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Crusade And Reformation

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Chapter Summary

Christian II worked to create a national church that was to be under his control and supervision although still a Catholic Church. Christian was drawn towards the new religious ideas of reform that began to flourish in the first decades of the sixteenth century, especially those of Martin Luther. Christian II’s personal Lutheran convictions apparently did not come into conflict with the crusade ideology used to promote his royal ideology. This of course raises the question of whether crusade ideology could have survived the Reformation. To answer this question, for Denmark at least, it will be necessary to take closer look at Martin Luther’s writings. This chapter investigates Luther's view of war, particularly against the Turk. Luther criticised the princes and bishops for their lack of resistance against the Turks. He also acknowledged the righteous necessity of an armed opposition to the Turkish invasions.

Keywords: Catholic Church; Christian II; Crusade; Martin Luther; Reformation; Turk

10.1163/ej.9789004155794.i-423.27
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