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Chapter Summary

In the years 1792-1793, the British King George III sent George Macartney as his envoy to the Manchu court in Peking. The main purpose of this appointment was to establish trade and diplomatic intercourse on the basis of equality with the Empire of Qing China. In Europe, the widespread vogue for chinoiserie and the concomitant development of the porcelain industry, and later in the nineteenth century the design of the fast tea and opium-clippers were all linked to the craze for tea. It takes no great stretch of the imagination to realize that tea indeed gave shape to the course of the European-China trade. The influence of this rise in consciousness was especially significant to the China trade of the Dutch United East India Company (Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, (VOC)) from 1729, when the VOC initiated its direct trade with China, until 1794 when the directorate of the Company was dissolved.

Keywords: diplomatic intercourse; Dutch United East India Company; European-China trade; porcelain industry; trade intercourse; Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie



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