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Chapter Summary

The seventeenth century represented a turning-point in Vietnamese history. The political disorder of the sixteenth century had culminated in the political and territorial separation between the two opposing kingdoms: Tonkin in the north ruled by the Lê/Trịnh court and Quinam in the south governed by the Nguyễn family. This chapter draws some general conclusions about the VOC-Tonkin relationship in the seventeenth century, focusing on three major points: political vicissitudes; fluctuating commercial trends; and the Vietnamese-Dutch interactions. The political history of the VOC-Tonkin relationship is an eventful story of conflicting interests cultivated by each side. The termination of the military alliance ended the intimate phases in the VOC-Tonkin relationship. One of the most crucial factors which contributed to the success of the VOC’s intra-Asian trade during the seventeenth century was its well-devised Japan trade.

Keywords: Quinam; seventeenth century; VOC-Tonkin relationship



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