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Conclusions And Reflections

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Chapter Summary

The period 1780-1815 in Sri Lanka was marked by increased colonial intervention, a process put in motion first by the Dutch colonial regime and later by the British. Whereas at the beginning of the period colonial power was limited to the coastal strip, except for some of the cinnamon producing areas further inland, at the end of the period the whole island, including the last autonomous Kingdom of Kandy, was subject to colonial rule. The period stands out as one of expansion and reform, instigated by a mix of local and international factors. The political instability of the Kandyan Kingdom and the international political insecurity combined with the everlasting search for new resources, greatly influenced political decision-making. These factors even made the consecutive Dutch and British governors on the spot susceptible to the temptations offered by some nobles of the court to bring the Kingdom under colonial authority.

Keywords: British; cinnamon producing areas; colonial intervention; Dutch colonial regime; international political insecurity; Kingdom of Kandy; political decision-making; Sri Lanka



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