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Buddhism At Jiankang And In The South-East, Ca. 320–420

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Chapter Summary

Both the Xiongnu and the Jie, who were the first eventually to found independent states in northern China, had maintained their aboriginal institutions: CS 97 enumerates no less than nineteen “hordes” 部 of immigrated Xiongnu “who all have their own settlements and do not mix with each other”, each horde being under the command of an aristocratic family whose members hereditarily filled all leading positions. At the time of the conquest of the North, the region of the lower Yangzi—the ancient territory of Wu—became a place of refuge for the emigrating gentry, just like a century before, during the troubles at the end of the Later Han. The central figure at the new capital, the undisputed leader of the exiled gentry and the actual organiser of the government was Wang Dao 王導, a member of the Wang clan from Langye.

Keywords: Buddhism; China; Jiankang; Jin dynasty; Xiongnu

10.1163/ej.9789004156043.i-472.13
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