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Chapter Summary

Fazang was a third-generation Sogdian immigrant in China, and perhaps partly for that reason, his influence extended far beyond the borders of the Tang imperium. Covering a great deal of primary sources on Fazang’s life, modern scholars have succeeded in retrieving an immense body of data relating to Fazang’s biography and hagiography from sources scattered throughout the vast library of Chinese Buddhist literature. Hagio-biography contains the following four elements: just as its biographical part can be divided into (i) historically verifiable and (ii) historically unverifiable elements, the hagiographical part includes (iii) purely hagiographical elements and (iv) those containing historical and biographical facts.

Keywords: Fazang; hagio-biography



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