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Chapter Summary

This section of the book contains a catalogue during Mesopotamia Neo-Assyrian Period. It includes Adad-Nerari III dated 810–783, Sargon II dated 721–705 B.C., Sennacherib dated 704–681 B.C., and Esarhaddon 680–669 B.C. The chapter illustrates Aramaic inscriptions and letter forms. When Aramaic was replaced by Greek as the language and script of administration after the fall of the Achaemenian Empire in the late 4th century B.C., the Aramaic script developed regional variations. For comparative material, it is appropriate to look at the forms of the characters before the divergence, but it is also sometimes helpful to take account of variant traditions found in contemporary material. One source from the general area of Mesopotamia is found in Aramaic characters on the coins of Characene, Elymais and Persis, where the group most relevant chronologically is that from Persis.

Keywords: Aramaic script; Esarhaddon; Neo-Assyrian Period; Sargon II; Sennacherib



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