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Chapter Summary

The composite text of 4QMMT, which is also known as Miqsat Ma‘ase ha-Torah or “some works of the law,” is based upon six fragmentary copies (4Q394-399) ranging in date from 75 BCE to 50 CE. In all, 4QMMT contains some 130 lines which, according to its editors, is probably equal to about two thirds of the original text. Ever since E. Qimron first presented his findings at the International Congress on Biblical Archaeology in 1984, the vast majority of scholarly discussions on 4QMMT have focused on the legal material in its halakhic section. In contrast to the Damascus Document, which is interested in the proper diagnosis of skin diseases, and the Temple Scroll, which focuses on protecting the Temple, Jerusalem and ordinary cities from, 4QMMT concerns itself with prohibiting those who have not been fully cleansed of a skin disease from eating sacred food and entering places containing sacred food.

Keywords: 4QMMT; Damascus Document; E. Qimron; halakhic section; Jerusalem; Temple Scroll



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