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Chapter Summary

Frequently described as one of the greatest archaeological finds of the 20th century, the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls forever changed our understanding of Judaism in the Second Temple period. Unlike many of the theories that have been proposed over the last half-century, the Qumran/Essene hypothesis has survived based on its ability to successfully account for a wide range of evidence, but like all theories it is not without weaknesses. In Hannah Harrington’s sixty-three-page discussion on the system of impurity in the scrolls she cites the Temple Scroll some fifty-nine times, which is three times that of any other document she cites. Two years after the publication of Joseph Baumgarten’s article on celibacy, Elisha Qimron revisited the issue in an article entitled “Celibacy in the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Two Kinds of Sectarians.”.

Keywords: celibacy; Dead Sea Scrolls; Hannah Harrington; Joseph Baumgarten; Judaism; Qumran/Essene hypothesis; Second Temple period; Temple Scroll



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