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Taxation And Revenue

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the relationship between public finance and broader economic and social trends. It offers a wide-ranging reassessment of Portuguese royal policy in West Africa that stresses continuity with earlier, medieval models of revenue extraction and fiscal administration. A close study of the relationship between demographic and fiscal crises in the late fourteenth-century Catalan city of Manresa proposes a model for interpreting similar phenomena in other European city-states dependent on funded public debt. From 1330, however, the imposicions became ensconced as a cornerstone of Catalan urban finance. The chapter focuses on surviving records of tolls and toll collection to develop a model for assessing the volume and nature of trade in thirteenth- and fourteenth-century England. Domesday Book contains numerous references to toll income and includes a rudimentary list of the tolls collected in Lewes, Sussex.

Keywords: African revenue; Catalan urban finance; Domesday Book; European crises; imposicions; market toll; medieval England; Portuguese royal policy; public finance

10.1163/ej.9789004156333.i-648.13
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