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Expenditure And War

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the financing of the Hundred Years War and highlights the effects on military outcomes, a problem hitherto largely ignored by traditional military history. The Anglo-Burgundian relationship, perhaps never an entirely solid one during the reign of Philip the Good, was irreparably damaged at Compiègne for a lack of promised financing. Comparing the royal households of Henry VII of England and Manuel I of Portugal, the chapter argues that the tendency to enlarge the royal household underpinned the fiscal reforms of both kings. Building on pioneering research on medieval Exeter, the chapter offers a positive assessment of the war’s impact on the economies of English port towns. The advantages that accrued to Dartmouth and Plymouth in the fourteenth century were due mostly to their naval contributions, but their ability to meet these obligations arose in large part from deliberate Crown patronage.

Keywords: Anglo-Burgundian relationship; compiègne; crown patronage; English port town; financial reform; Henry VII of England; hundred years war; Manuel I of Portugal; medieval warfare; Philip the Good



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