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Intentions And Future Realisations In Herodotus

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Chapter Summary

All grammars and handbooks on Ancient Greek agree that the Greek future is not the only expression of the future time. There are other expressions as well. The question now arises what the semantic and/or pragmatic differences are between these various future expressions. This chapter focuses on the way the future expressions are used in Herodotus. It starts by discussing the difference between μέλλω infinitive and the simple future. It, then, turns to some contexts in which it is very difficult, at least at first sight, to see in which respect μέλλω and the simple future differ from each other, and also sometimes differ from other expressions with future reference. The chapter distinguishes 3 types of contexts: (i) contexts of future predictions, (ii) context of announcement of what one is going to say immediately afterwards, and (iii) expressions of purpose or intention.

Keywords: Ancient Greek; Greek future; Herodotus; simple future



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