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Thirst As Desire For Good

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Chapter Summary

It is widely believed that it is possible to identify in Republic IV the precise place at which Plato departs from the Socrates of earlier dialogues regarding the psychology of choice, that is, regarding how a person chooses among the various alternatives that are open to him. According to the standard view, when Socrates alerts Glaucon to an irksome objector who might try to confuse them, he is referring to himself, or to an earlier version of himself, that is, to the Socrates of the Protagoras, Gorgias, and Meno. This chapter considers first what it is that Socrates finds objectionable in the hypothetical objection he raises; second, whether the so-called early Socrates qualifies as the putative objector; and third, whether and in what sense Socrates contends in the Protagoras, Gorgias, and Meno that all men desire good things.

Keywords: Glaucon; Gorgias; hypothetical objection; irrational desire; Meno; Plato; Protagoras; Republic IV; Socrates



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