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The Russian Approach To The Protection Of The Arctic Seas From Radioactive Wastes

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Chapter Summary

In the Soviet Union, the public was well aware of the fact that it was the United States and a few other western nations who had pioneered the use of high sea sites for the purposes of radioactive waste (RAW) disposal. The issue of RAW disposal is probably the most politically charged aspect of the global environmental effort. There is no dearth of investigative and scientifi c writing describing the radioactive condition of the world's oceans. Between 1946 and 1982, twelve nations had been dumping their RAW in forty-seven areas of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. In matters of radioactive material handling, Russia is bound by the majority of existing multilateral international conventions on the subject as well as further bilateral agreements and national legislation. The Russian government began its nuclear powered submarine decommissioning program in February 1992, which continued until 2000.

Keywords: radioactive material; radioactive waste (RAW) disposal; Russia; Soviet Union; United States



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