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Hazardous Substances And The Baltic Sea

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Chapter Summary

The input of hazardous substances into the Baltic Sea has, unfortunately, quite a long history. The Helsinki Commission for the Protection of the Baltic Sea Environment (HELCOM) has been researching and analyzing sources of pollution in the Baltic Sea for thirty years. The Baltic Sea is a marine region in transition, in which many problems have been resolved and many problems still remain. The geographical, climatological and oceanographic conditions of the Baltic Sea are unique, and pollution of its environment has grave consequences. Hazardous substances are toxic, persistent and liable to bio accumulate in marine webs up to the levels which may be toxic to the organisms themselves, be toxic to their predators or affect the immune or hormonal systems. The HELCOM and its Member States, achieved to a great degree the elimination of pollution from hazardous substances, in comparison with other regional seas.

Keywords: Baltic Sea; hazardous substances; HELCOM



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