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Ocean Transport Of Radioactive Fuel And Waste: A Japanese Perspective

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Chapter Summary

The legal problem of ocean transport of radioactive fuel and waste is a universal one, not restricted to any particular country or countries, with implications of negative impact on the marine environment. The position of the Japanese Government in respect of international transport of nuclear materials is that it is "an activity based on the right of free navigation established under international law," and that "the Government has taken the most careful measures possible in accordance with the international standards prescribed by the relevant competent international organization". The crux of the matter is whether the transport of radioactive materials by foreign vessels in the territorial sea is or is not in accord with their right of innocent passage in it. The exclusive economic zones (EEZs) is an area of sea under the control of the coastal State in respect of 'resource-related matters.

Keywords: exclusive economic zones (EEZs); Japanese Government; marine environment; ocean transport; radioactive fuel; territorial sea



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