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Calvert'S Catholic Colony

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Chapter Summary

A model of English early modern entrepreneurship, George Calvert invested significant portions of his family’s wealth in several transatlantic business enterprises. For Calvert, his English settlement in the New World promised to fulfill three primary objectives: to create wealth, to provide a safe haven for English Catholics, and to reestablish Roman Catholicism as the true Anglo faith in the post-Reformation era. Not a man to rule by the sword, Calvert would have to create a religiously tolerant modern society-founded upon the separation of Church and State-in order to subtly and peacefully bring misguided Anglicans back to the faith while strengthening the piety of English Roman Catholics by offering a place to worship in public. In order to succeed in this monumental task, Calvert needed the support of the Crown, the Roman Catholic Church, and his colonists.

Keywords: entrepreneurship; George Calvert; religious practices; Roman Catholic Church



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