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Conceiving An Anglo-American Proprietorship: Early South Carolina History In Perspective

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Chapter Summary

The Carolina proprietorship, assembled towards the end of 1662, provides an almost stereotypical case study of the rationale and limitations of this popular form of early modern colonization. The proprietors initially focused their attention on the northern part of their province, envisioning that, thanks to its location, it would prosper by drawing settlers and commerce from other colonies thereby minimizing risk and expense to themselves. Proprietary South Carolina endured the birth pangs associated with the founding of Anglo-American colonies: disease, disappointment, war with Indian neighbors, the introduction of race-based slavery, economic instability, population shortage, and factional politics. The lack of a proprietary policy must mean the disappearance of the notion of a proprietary party. In terms of politics, the Lords anticipated that the local aristocracy, which held the titles of landgrave and cassique, would serve as the points of contact between themselves and their colonists.

Keywords: Anglo-American colonies; Carolina proprietorship; factional politics; local aristocracy



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