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Chapter Summary

Thermo-mineral waters are found on the earth’s surface where there are geological rifts. The Jordan Valley is a result of a geological rift, which extends from east Africa in the south to Asia Minor in the North. The most famous spas in the eastern Mediterranean basin are located along the Syro-African Rift in the Jordan, Hammei-Tiberias, Hammat-Gader, Kallirrhoe, Hammat-Pella, and Hammei-Livias. Various analyses of the water have shown that it has therapeutic qualities and that it may be drunk as mineral water. Spas provided a new method for improving health, which combined the comforts of the bath with innovative treatments based on rational and logical medicine. Like the public baths, the use of therapeutic hot springs has its origin in ancient Roman tradition.

Keywords: eastern Mediterranean basin; Hammat-Gader; Hammei-Tiberias; Jordan Valley; Kallirrhoe; Roman tradition; spas; thermo-mineral water



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