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Two Messianic Figures In The Qumran Texts

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Chapter Summary

In most of the other Jewish writings of the Second Temple period, the figure of the Messiah either is not featured or plays a very secondary role. Most scholars agree that the people of Qumran expected more than one eschatological figure whose coming would herald the era of salvation; they used the technical term anointed ones or messiahs to refer to these figures. The key text is 1QS IX 9–11. The text is clear and expresses firmly the hope, within the Qumran community, of the future coming of two anointed ones the messiah of Aaron and the messiah of Israel two figures who correspond to the priestly messiah and the royal messiah. A third figure is the Prophet. This chapter focuses on two points: (1) the heavenly messiah and (2) the messianic character of the expected prophet.

Keywords: anointed ones; Jewish writings; messiah of Aaron; messiah of Israel; messianic figures; priestly messiah; prophet; Qumran community; royal messiah



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