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The Sacrifice Of Isaac In 4q225

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Chapter Summary

The story of the “testing” of Abraham is directly linked to the promise. The birth of Isaac follows directly the promise of posterity in Genesis 15:6. If we carefully read the Hebrew text and compare it with the Masoretic text of Gen 22, some small differences in wording come to the fore. The most interesting elements of 4Q225 are those which are not present in the Hebrew Bible and which clearly anticipate some of the later developments of the Aqeda story, both in Judaism and in Christianity. This chapter focuses on these elements. Although the most advanced theological speculations of the Rabbis and of the Christians are still lacking in 4Q225, the Aqedah story was already used for purposes other than the ones in the Biblical text, namely to show God’s fidelity to the promise done to Abraham manifested in the blessing of Isaac.

Keywords: 4Q225; Abraham; Aqedah story; Genesis; Hebrew Bible; Isaac; Masoretic text; sacrifice



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