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Divine Sonship At Qumran: Between The Old And The New Testament

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Chapter Summary

In the Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls, as well as in Biblical Hebrew, there are no specific words to express the abstract concept of “fatherhood” or of “sonship.” A study of divine sonship at Qumran should thus start from an analysis of words that normally express the genetic relationship among humans. This chapter looks at three categories (the angelic “sons of God”; Israel “son of God”; the king “son of God”) in which texts are commonly grouped that speak of divine sonship in the Hebrew Bible, in order to show, with the help of some selected texts, the progress that we can register in the Dead Sea Scrolls in each one of these categories with respect to the idea of sonship. To these three classical categories author adds a fourth that is not found in the Hebrew Bible, but which appears in some Qumranic texts the Messiah “son of God.”.

Keywords: angelic; Dead Sea Scrolls; divine sonship; Hebrew Bible; Israel; Messiah; Old and the New Testament; Qumran; son of God

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