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The Protection and Preservation of the Marine Environment under EC Law

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Chapter Summary

The protection and preservation of the marine environment and its essential functions have been a central element in the Community’s environmental policy since its inception. The Community has recognized the essential role of oceans and seas and the need to enhance efforts to protect and preserve the marine environment since the early stages of its common environmental policy. Despite the strong political commitment, the protection of the marine environment has traditionally played a secondary role within European Community (EC) law. The LOSC and Chapter 17 of Agenda 21 require States to cooperate, directly or through competent international organizations, in the multilateral development of international rules for the protection and preservation of the marine environment. The Sixth Environmental Action Programme (EAP), setting out the framework for the Community’s environmental action for 2001-2010, places considerable emphasis on ocean preservation compared to the previous programmes.

Keywords: Environmental Action Programme (EAP); European Community (EC) law; international organizations; LOSC; marine environment



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