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Ocean Dumping

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Chapter Summary

Ocean dumping, unlike vessel-source pollution, only made its first appearance on the international agenda in the 1970s. Both the LOSC and the London Convention (LC) strongly encourage the development of regional measures to control ocean dumping. Ocean dumping is also regulated within the framework of the 1974 Helsinki Convention, as amended, the OSPAR Convention, which replaced the 1972 Oslo Dumping Convention, and the BARCON together with its 1976 Dumping Protocol (BDP), as amended. This chapter looks at the main EC Directives which are of relevance for the control of ocean dumping and incineration and identifies the factors that have influenced the Community’s approach. The international regime on ocean dumping provides a satisfactory level of protection for European seas and the Community decided that it was better to direct its efforts towards trying to accede to the relevant Conventions rather than to adopt its own rules.

Keywords: BARCON; European seas; Helsinki Convention; incineration; London Convention (LC); LOSC; ocean dumping; Oslo Convention; Oslo Dumping Convention; OSPAR Convention



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