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Chapter Summary

This introductory chapter gives an overview of concepts covered in this book. The book deals with two manuscripts from the Dead Sea Scrolls whose contents are physiognomic and physiognomic-astrological. The two texts considered in this book are the Hebrew manuscript 4Q186 (named 4QZodiacal Physiognomy) and the Aramaic manuscript 4Q561 (named 4QPhysiognomy ar). The textual evidence for physiognomic interests extends from the early second millennium BCE until modern times, and includes divination, literature, medicine, art, and philosophy.

Keywords: 4QPhysiognomy ar; 4QZodiacal Physiognomy; Aramaic manuscript; Dead Sea Scrolls; Hebrew manuscript; physiognomic writings; physiognomic-astrological writings



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