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Chapter Summary

This section presents a list of reference articles and books relevant to the book Reading the Human Body: Physiognomics and Astrology in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Hellenistic-Early Roman Period Judaism. The discussion on the textual evidence for physiognomic interests extends from the early second millennium BCE until modern times, and includes divination, literature, medicine, art, and philosophy. The scientific context of physiognomics in Greco-Roman antiquity was different. Over the course of several centuries, physicians and philosophers developed a theory of the human body according to which four fluids constituted the form and shape of the human body. A number of texts from the Dead Sea Scrolls give descriptions and characterizations of the human body. These descriptions do not display a mere interest in human anatomy or in the body per se.

Keywords: Dead Sea Scrolls; Greco-Roman physiognomics; human body



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