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The European Union

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Chapter Summary

The principle of uniting peoples, not States, contributed to a progressive evolution towards integration of the peoples of Europe, transferring the sovereignty of states in certain domains gradually to the organs of the European Economic Community (EEC), the European Community (EC) the European Union (EU). The evolution of the integration of Europe can be surveyed ratione personae and ratione materiae. Four major institutions have served the EC from the beginning: The European Parliament; The Council of Ministers; The European Commission; and The Court of Justice. There is no separation of powers in the EC and the all important legislative powers are shared by the first three institutions. The role of the Luxembourg Court was unique in interpreting the norms of equality via the procedure of preliminary rulings which helped to harmonise the laws of all the Member States.

Keywords: community law; equality law; European economic community (EEC); European Union (EU); legislative powers



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