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Equal Treatment

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Chapter Summary

The problem of discrimination in employment and occupation and equal treatment in all conditions of work, which is the subject of this chapter, was addressed by the International Labour Organization (ILO) soon after in 1958. The corpus juris on European Union (EU) equality at work is to be found in the Directive on Equal Treatment 1976 that was inspired by ILO Convention No. 111 concerning Discrimination 1958. The chapter discusses the implementation of equality in the field of access to employment, and deals separately with the practice of equal treatment regarding vocational training. It examines equality in all conditions of work, including the thorny issue of dismissal. The chapter discusses cases involving direct discrimination as far as the implementation of the 1976 Equal Treatment Directive is concerned. Indirect discrimination is prohibited by Article 2 (1) but the Directive does not provide any definition of what amounts to indirect discrimination.

Keywords: equal treatment; European Union (EU) equality; indirect discrimination; international labour organization (ILO) standards; vocational training



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