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Division Of The City’s Inhabitants Into Estates

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Chapter Summary

The whole city comprises two categories of people, one consisting of the religious (ecclesiastics) and the other of the profane (laymen). Since the religious fall to God’s lot, they adopt the designation “clerics.” The totality of the religious is called the “clergy,” being divided into the main and the lower clergy on the basis of dignity in rank. The Emperor Frederick I graciously granted the chapter the right to choose the bishop. From that time down to the present day, the unrestricted election of the prince has remained in the hands of the chapter, although other arrangements for the diocese have at times intervened, to the great detriment of the diocese and the commonwealth. For without the authorization of the main clergy, the prince can hardly make a decision that will remain valid in trivial matters, much less in troublesome ones that pertain to the well-being of the diocese.

Keywords: bishop; clerics; diocese; ecclesiastics; Emperor Frederick I; laymen

10.1163/ej.9789004157217.i-776.21
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