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The Revitalisation Of The Jeune École

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Chapter Summary

There were two distinct developments in the post-Lanessan period that influenced the jeune école in a contradictory way: the development of the submarine, and the signing of the Entente Cordiale. Progress in submarine construction had been so promising that the jeune école in the first years of the twentieth century started to argue for a strategy in which the submarine would represent the offensive capacity of the French Navy. The Fashoda crisis in 1898 and French sympathies for the Boer cause during the Boer war nurtured the anti-British sentiments that were a precondition for the jeune école theory. A few years later, France and Great Britain signed the Entente Cordiale and a closer alliance between the two nations developed. The conflict scenario that was a prerequisite for the jeune école’s strategic solutions was thus gradually removed.

Keywords: Entente Cordiale; Fashoda crisis; French Navy; jeune école



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